Website terms of use

1. Acceptance of the website's terms of use
1.2 You acknowledge you have read these terms and conditions and agree to be bound by them unreservedly and unconditionally.
1.3 You are bound to reread these terms regularly as they are subject to be edited and changed without prior notice.

2. Intellectual property
2.1 The website and all of the components the site contains (videos, brands, logos, text, audio clips, illustrations) and any materials that exist on the site are the property of AFNIC, unless otherwise indicated for third-party content. Pursuant to the French Intellectual Property Code, any use of this content requires permission from AFNIC.
2.2 You agree to neither collect nor utilize the content or personal data posted on the site. You are hereby informed that any violation of this agreement will result in legal action, particularly in response to a fraudulent offence. Anyone committing such an offence shall cause injury to the website publisher and releases it from any liability in any legal actions or claims of any nature, type or format whatsoever and shall be solely responsible for any costs, legal expenses and compensatory damages pronounced by court ruling whether or not immediately subsequent to bodily or material injury, the results of which directly harms or affects one or more persons or property goods.
4. General terms of use
4.1 We inform you that this website is optimized to operate with the following browsers:
• Internet Explorer version 8 and later
• Firefox (PC and Mac) versions 10 and later
• Safari version 4.0 and later
• Google Chrome (PC and Mac) versions 10 and later
• Opera versions 11 and later
To find out which version you are using, go to the browser's toolbar and click on About in the “?” menu If you are experiencing problems browsing or logging in, we recommend downloading and installing one of the browsers listed above to your computer.
Operating this website on other versions of browsers is completely at your discretion and under your responsibility.

4.2 You acknowledge that you have the skills and means required to access and use this website.
4.3 You acknowledge that you have checked the computer settings being used do not contain any viruses and is in perfect working condition.
4.4 AFNIC makes every effort within its power to offer you services and facilitate access to its website. As such, AFNIC strives to make this website accessible 24 hours a day, seven days per week. However, AFNIC or one of its partners overseeing the implementation or hosting of the site may decide to suspend access for maintenance or any other technical purposes. On these specific occasions of service suspension, AFNIC shall endeavour to make this interruption as short as possible. AFNIC also reserves the right to suspend access to the website and cannot be held liable for events such as online attacks (virus, hacking, etc.) that may have an impact on processing capacity, security or integrity.

4.5 AFNIC shall in no way be held responsible for direct or indirect damage resulting from access to or the use of this website, and specifically:
- unavailability of information;
- any direct or indirect damage, regardless of the cause, source, nature, or consequences arising in relation to the content and functionalities of the website, anyone's access to the website or an inability to access it;
- the presence of a virus on the website.
Internet users are responsible for taking all appropriate measures to protect their own data and/or software from being contaminated by viruses that may be transmitted through the website.

4.6 The information provided by AFNIC is for informational and general purposes and is only distributed to users for complementary and personal consultation.
4.7 AFNIC cannot vouch for the accuracy, completeness or validity of the information distributed on its website.
4.8 AFNIC makes every effort to ensure that the information on its website is accurate and true and can in no way be held responsible for any harm that may result from using this website.
4.9 AFNIC uses reliable sources to ensure that the information provided on the site is accurate and updated regularly.

4.10 AFNIC reserves the right to delete, alter or edit this website at any time and without notice.
4.11 AFNIC cannot be held responsible for any harmful consequences, specifically consequences resulting from the transmission of documents on the Internet.
4.12 AFNIC reserves the right to fully or partially revise, delete, edit, confirm or alter all of the content forwarded to the website or posted on it.
4.13 Consequently, you acknowledge that you are solely responsible for any use of this information.
3. Computing and Freedoms
3.1 "Personal data" refers to data in any format whatsoever that can be used directly or indirectly to identify the natural persons to whom it pertains, regardless of whether it is processed by a natural person or a moral person.

3.2 In application of Act No. 78-17 of 6 January 1978, modified, pertaining to computing, files and freedoms, this website has been filed with the French National Commission on Computing and Liberties (CNIL) (
3.3 You are hereby informed that any personal data requested must be handed over so that AFNIC may provide the services offered on the website. The data in question filed by AFNIC with CNIL is primarily used to manage and provide services for the website and for newsletters sent by AFNIC and, where applicable, its partners.
3.4 AFNIC has appointed a personal data protection officer called the Computing and Freedoms Officer (CFO) whose mission, by virtue of Act No. 78-17 of 6 January 1978, is to draw up AFNIC's process list, update the process list and consult this list to ensure that AFNIC is in compliance with said law.

3.5 You are informed that you have a right to access, consult and rectify and that this right, where applicable, entitles you to request that any personal data about you found to be inaccurate, incomplete, dubious, expired or whose collection, use, sharing or archiving is not legally permitted be corrected, completed, updated, locked or deleted.

3.6 You may exercise all of these rights by posting a letter to AFNIC along with a copy of your signed ID:
• Posted to the following mailing address: AFNIC, Direction juridique, Immeuble Stephenson, 1 rue Stephenson, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, 78181 Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines;
• or by email:

4. Cookies
4.1 You are informed that when you visit the website, one or more cookies may be automatically installed on your browser.
4.2 Cookies are data used by a Web server to send status information to your browser and enable the browser to return status information to the original Web server.
4.3 This status information could be an identifier for a session, language, expiry date, reply domain, etc.
4.4 There are a variety of ways this status information may be stored in a browser (a separate text file for each cookie, a single file containing all the cookies, option to encrypt this single file, etc.) or it may not be stored at all. It depends on the type of browser, the version, settings, etc.
4.5 When a browser opens pages on a website or when this browser returns to that website at a later time, cookies are used to retrieve status information.
4.6 Some of these cookies are solely used to allow or facilitate electronic communications. Others are required exclusively to provide an online communications service upon your express request (MOOC registration, contest, etc.).
4.7 This information remains on your computer for the duration of the session. The cookie created does not retain any personal information, therefore you must re-enter information in the form supplied the next time you visit that site.

4.8 When you visit the website, AFNIC also collects your login information and details about your browsing habits purely for statistical purposes (number of visitors, pages visited).
4.9 These data cannot be used to directly identify visitors nor does AFNIC make any effort to identify website visitors. More specifically, it in no way cross-references or compares the personal data requested (i.e. in website forms or when you log in to your account) with the data required for statistics to identify you.
4.10 AFNIC uses a website analysis tool provided by Google Inc. ("Google") called Google Analytics. Google Analytics uses cookies, which are text files downloaded to your computer to help the website analyse how visitors use the site. Google receives it and it stores the data generated by these cookies associated with the site (including user IP addresses) on servers located in the United States. Google uses this information to analyse website use, compile site activity reports for the publisher and provide other services associated with website activity and Internet use. Google may share these data with third parties if legally mandated to do so or if these third parties are processing these data for Google, which includes the publisher of this website. Google does not crosscheck your IP address with any other data in its possession. You may disable cookies by changing the appropriate settings in your browser. However, disabling cookies may interfere with some of the functionalities on this site. By using this website, you expressly consent to Google processing data that contains your name under the terms and conditions and for the purposes set forth above.
To stop Google Analytics installing cookies on your computer, go to [insert hyperlink].

4.11 AFNIC uses the Rocketfuel personalised advertising retargeting service and uses cookies to identify your areas of interest based on the pages you view or the products you buy on our site.
Rocketfuel is installed on the computer of each visitor to the ré site, if these visitors accept cookies.
Thanks to this cookie, when you leave the site and continue to browse, you may find personalised banners displaying products based on your browsing history which will make it easy for you to return to our site.
You can visit the Network Advertising Initiative site at the following address: to tell Rocketfuel not to install cookies on your computer.

4.11 AFNIC informs you that when you refuse cookies, after having agreed to install them, a cookie blocker is installed on the device you are using for electronic communications. Specifically, if you delete this cookie blocker from your computer, it will no longer be able to acknowledge the block. Similarly, an acceptance cookie is installed when you agree to install cookies. Cookies must remain on the device hardware, whether they are accepted or blocked.
4.12 Lastly, AFNIC reminds you that the default setting on most browsers is to accept cookies. However, should you wish to do so you have an option to deactivate the use of cookies by choosing the appropriate settings in your browser.
4.13 This process may be different for each browser. Changing your browser settings to block cookies prohibits access to some functionalities, pages and sections of the website.

4.14 To refuse all cookies or some cookies based on their type in Internet Explorer 9, go to 'Tools', click on 'Internet options' and in the Privacy tab choose 'Advanced'. To block cookies, tick 'Override automatic cookie handling' and then select 'Block'. If you want to accept or deny them on a case-by-case basis, select 'Prompt'.
4.15 You can also decide which websites you want your computer to allow or block. Instructions: Click on 'Sites' and enter the full website address, then click 'Allow' or 'Block' and then 'OK'.
4.16 You may delete cookies that have already been installed. For Internet Explorer 9: Go to 'Tools' and then 'Internet options'. In the 'General' tab under 'Browsing history' and click 'Delete'. Select the cookies and 'Delete', then 'OK' to close the window.
4.17 Managing cookies in Google Chrome:
Click on the spanner on the toolbar. Go to Options, click on Advanced options tab and then Content settings under the Privacy section.
Click on the Cookies tab.
To delete cookies:
Delete all cookies by clicking on 'Remove all' or select websites individually and then click 'Remove'. You can also delete cookies from a specific time range and configure a setting to automatically delete cookies when the browser closes. To do this, tick the box 'Keep local data only until you quit your browser' in Content settings.
To block cookies by default
To block all cookies: select 'Block sites from setting any data'.
To only block third-party cookies: tick the box 'Block third-party cookies and site data'
To allow cookies by default:
To allow first-party and third-party cookies, make sure 'Allow local data to be set' is ticked.
If you only want to accept first-party cookies, tick the box 'Block all third-party cookies without exception'.
Most websites require them, usually as an ID to install cookies.
4.18 In Mozilla Firefox: to block all cookies or some cookies depending on their type, go to Tools and click on Options. In the next window, click on Privacy [[under History tab, choose Use custom settings for history]] and then Show Cookies. To block cookies, select the cookies that contain the desired word and delete them.

4.19 Since the publishers of browser software have complete control and authority over these settings, it is not possible to provide the most detailed and up-to-date information.
4.20 For your information, you may obtain additional information:
• From the publisher’s website of your browser software;
• More generally, by doing a search for "cookies" on the CNIL website (
4.21 You are informed that disabling cookies may stop some functionalities working on the website.
4.22 You are entitled to a right to access, remove and edit any personal data transmitted through cookies as per the terms and conditions indicated above.
4.23 You are bound to comply with the provisions of the French Computing and Freedoms Act of 6 January 1978, modified. Violators of this law are subject to criminal prosecution.
4.24 With regard to the personal information you acquire or may acquire, you must refrain from collecting, generally using for any purposes other than those stated, and performing any act likely to infringe upon the privacy or reputation of persons.
5. Hyperlinks
5.1 This website contains hyperlinks to other websites. The presence of these links on the site is neither a recommendation nor endorsement from AFNIC of those sites or their content, specifically of any products or services they may offer. Their respective publishers remain solely responsible for the content and operation of these websites; products and services offered on the sites remain the exclusive responsibility of their respective suppliers.

5.2 AFNIC shall not be held responsible for access users obtained through hyperlinks posted on the website directing them to other references on the network.
5.3 AFNIC accepts no responsibility for information provided by these references on the network after clicking on these hyperlinks.
5.4 In any event, hyperlinks directing users to the website must be removed immediately upon request from AFNIC. AFNIC accepts no responsibility with regard to the content of the websites on which these hyperlinks are found.

6. General terms of use

6.1 You were hereby made aware that you may only submit and present content and/or information for which you own all the rights, and specifically the intellectual property rights. You may not add or make available any information that does not belong to you, unless you have obtained express permission from the rights owner.

6.2 The MOOC section can be accessed by any user for informational purposes before registration; the courses themselves, however, are only accessible when taking a course. Otherwise, training courses are still free of charge, but can only be accessed once you are logged into your member account.

6.3 When you register a domain name with the .fr extension, you agree to accept and conform with the Naming Charter. Registration is done through a registrar. The links on the website directing to registrars are posted randomly and are not to be construed as a recommendation or endorsement by AFNIC of any particular registrar; they are solely responsible for the products and services they provide.

6.4 You agree to only open one account for the functionalities you require.

6.5 Password: We recommend not using the same password on more than one website. Passwords are a means for accessing your member account and are private. Consequently, you agree to keep your password strictly confidential. You alone are responsible for your account and any actions that are carried out through your account. Any use of your username and password conclusively infers your use of the website, unless you contest this action.

6.6 Using, viewing and/or contributing to the site is done so in compliance with the law, these terms of use and any additional documents enclosed with these terms of use such as, specifically, the contest rules published on the site. More specifically, below is a summary of the user code of conduct (list not exhaustive):

1. Compliance with legal and regulatory provisions: In particular, you accept and agree to refrain from (i) making and/or directly suggesting or indirectly inciting remarks that may violate the Public Order and Morality, remarks that contain insults, threats, harassment, discrimination, defamation, racism, paedophilia, pornography, any remarks inciting hate or endorsing an illegal activity; (ii) directly or indirectly exhibiting malicious behaviour such as pirating, spreading a virus, illegally using the services provided by AFNIC, specifically for the purposes of illegal or illicit purposes, identity theft, or sending unsolicited messages.

2. Content compliance: With regard to your contributions to the website, you must ensure that the content, information, remarks, opinions, suggestions, and comments are appropriate for the topics at hand and respect intellectual property rights, that you only use your own personal content (opinions, images, comments, etc.) and that you are not copying the opinion or content of a third party, are citing all sources and references used, and verifying your sources and references before use.

6.7 In theory, you are liable for any damages committed against AFNIC or third parties through AFNIC's website and services.

6.8 Any violation on your part of these terms and conditions, including the code of conduct, shall result in AFNIC launching an investigation or requesting moderation or, if necessary, banning you from the site and its services, and this without prejudice to any other legal action that may be required.

6.9 With regard to moderation and legal obligations, AFNIC records the IP address of contributions and retains the data entered for the purposes of duly processing its filing with the CNIL.

7. Enforceable law
7.1 Both procedural and substantive rules fall under the jurisdiction of French law.

7.2 Any disputes that may arise for any reason whatsoever with regard to these terms and conditions may only be heard in the French courts.

8. General information

Should any clause herein become null and void, all the other clauses shall remain fully enforceable; any such clause shall be deemed unwritten.